Everything you need to know about CBD oil
Cannabis is often treated as a dirty word. This reputation is unjust, undeserved, and harmful. In truth, Cannabis— more importantly, the cannabinoids and terpenes within— offer a plethora of benefits and medicinal properties. One of the most beneficial cannabis products currently under the medicinal community’s studious gaze is cannabidiol oil, more commonly referred to as CBD oil.
Because of the harsh and undeserved reputation cannabis has been assigned, few in the public are fully aware of the benefits and uses the versatile plant. Because of this, the scientific community has started pushing for better, more easily understood information to be made available. This push has led to a greater expansion of knowledge and rapidly sweeping changes within the legal systems of many countries as they work to make these medical marvels available to the public.
What is CBD oil?
Cannabidiol oil is one of over a hundred cannabinoids present in the resin of cannabis. Many varieties of hemp are cultivated with a high concentration of CBD and a lower concentration of THC, the cannabinoid responsible for a sense of euphoria and a high in addition to its own benefits. CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid with numerous medicinal properties.
It is extracted from hemp plants, which typically hold a concentration of THC less than 0.3% to meet the legal standards (1% in Switzerland). CBD is commonly extracted using either ethanol or CO2, as these are the cleanest methods for products intended for human consumption. Once extracted, the resin is taken through a process known as chromatography to isolate the desired cannabinoid from unwanted phytochemicals within the resin.
Many will then go through a process of decarboxylation. In this process, the CBD is heated until it shifts to a bioavailable form that will immediately interact with the endocannabinoid system when ingested, inhaled, or absorbed. The oil can then be consumed directly; however, it is often combined with a carrier oil such as coconut or MCT oil or hardened into an ingestible solid.
A Brief History
Cannabis was cultivated in regions from Taiwan to China and other areas of the globe. It wasn’t until 1900s that marijuana and THC were deemed “poisonous” because of their use as a recreational drug that the plants found themselves heavily regulated and whisked out of the public gaze. Over recent years, scientists have started to fight back against this harmful negative stereotype, bringing to light all of the medicinal benefits of the cannabinoids and terpenes, especially when allowed to work together instead of being pulled apart and treated individually.
The past decade has seen a surge in the communities’ efforts to reinstate cannabis as a helpful medicinal substance over a negatively stereotyped drug. The effects of these attempts are seen in the sweeping legalization changes throughout countries like the United States.
The effects of CBD oil
Just what is so great about cannabidiol oil?
CBD oil can be used to treat a variety of symptoms and illnesses through its numerous medicinal and physiological properties. The oil has been shown to provide such benefits as anti-anxiety, pain-relieving, anti-depression, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, immune support, immune-modulation, anticonvulsant and anti-proliferative properties. It also assists medicinal issues from symptoms of PMS in women to arthritis relief. The scientific community is working to investigate its use in treating such things as anxiety, epilepsy, nausea, neuroinflammation, neurological disorders, oxidative injury, schizophrenia, seizures, and vomiting— among others.
New evidence also suggests that CBD can help patients quit smoking and overcome drug withdrawals to fight addiction. It also helps fight cancer by blocking the overwhelming spread of cancer cells and suppressing their growth.
In regards to its anti-anxiety properties, CBD oil is used to help treat general anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and social anxiety disorder.
Type-I Diabetes develops when the immune system attacks pancreatic cells, causing inflammation. the oil's anti-inflammatory properties may ease this inflammation, leading to a CBD-based treatment for Type-1.
Speaking of inflammation-based troubles, acne is caused by inflamed sebaceous glands in the body, leading to the investigation of CBD oil as an acne treatment.
Research involving mice published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease discussed the use of cannabidiol oil in preventing patients in the early stages of Alzheimer’s from losing the ability to recognize their loved ones, known in the medical community as social recognition deficit.
Simply put, this product has the potential to benefit thousands of patients throughout the medical community, if not millions.
CBD oil usage
Cannabidiol oil is used in a variety of ways. The main functions do not change: once within the body, CBD works with the endocannabinoid system as well as other receptors like those responsible for serotonin. It also encourages the body’s own production of natural cannabinoids and helps relegate the effects of other intoxicating cannabinoids like THC to support their medicinal properties.
CBD oil can be taken dozens of ways, including smoking, vaping, topically, sublingually, and more.
Edibles have a slow-release effect for cannabidiol ingestion. Often available in the form of brownies, chocolates or space cakes, CBD oil can also be added into tinctures or specific recipes and ingested. While it takes longer for this method to take effect, as it must travel through the gastrointestinal system to your liver, it has one of the longest lasting duration.
CBD oil can be smoked in a few different ways, but the most popular is to use an “oil rig.” The rig works like a traditional water pipe; oil is heated to a critical temperature, filtered through a water chamber, and inhaled.
This refers to any form of CBD oil taken through absorption in the mouth, particularly under the tongue. The most popular version of this is using tinctures. In tinctures, the concentrate is diluted in a form of alcohol. It is dosed easily by placing a droplet or two under the tongue and holding it there for 90 seconds or so. You have to be careful not to swallow, or your sublingual CBD oil becomes ingested and must travel through the gastrointestinal system, losing potency and taking longer to have an effect.
CBD oil Tinctures are often preferred for their discretion and ease of application when one needs consistent dosing for one’s medicinal benefits.
Topical lotions are used for focused application over specific areas. The relief is quick, but also temporary. The topical market and other cannabis-derived products are recent compared to other methods of use, so new products are arriving on the scene constantly.
Transdermal application takes place through the use of patches, similar to nicotine and birth control patches. These patches last several hours, releasing carefully measured doses throughout the day that travel through the skin and straight into the bloodstream.
Vaporizers vary wildly in size and operation, so it’s best to visit your local store and learn what is available. You can also find the cannabis community online and ask opinions of other consumers based on their own experiences. The current trend is to use a vape pen to consume it.
CBD oil Dosage varies based on the type of application method, what you are treating, and your own genetics. It is best to start by discussing treatment with your healthcare professional to best decide which method would benefit your needs. Once that is determined, you can delve into dosing amounts for that method. It is always best to start on the small end; you cannot overdose on CBD Oil, but taking too much can lead to unpleasant side effects— especially when taken as an edible, where the effects of ingestion last several hours. Applications such as Transdermal Pouches come pre-dosed, so you do not have to worry.
The easiest CBD oil Dosage comes with the use of tinctures. You start your first use with 1 mL; if you are unsatisfied, then your next dose will take 2 mL and so on until you attain the relief you are after.
The side effects of CBD oil
By now, you’re probably wanting to know what the catch is. CBD oil sounds amazing, with a variety of uses. There must be a catch, right?
Wrong! To date, CBD has shown no long-term side effects. Even the short-term side effects are rare and can be avoided by investigating the quality and origin of your concentrates, precautionary discussions with your doctor, and practicing proper dosing.
Potential side effects include dry mouth, which causes you to feel thirsty when CBD oil reacts with your submandibular glands in charge of producing saliva.
Patients of Parkinson’s Disease may notice a worsening of tremors when CBD is taken at too high of a dose.
If you have prescription medications, discuss with your doctor whether CBD oil will work for you. It mitigates the intoxicating effects of THC by deactivating P450 enzymes in the liver; these enzymes are also used to break down certain medications.
Higher doses of cannabidiol can lead to lightheadedness; to mitigate this effect, simply drink a cup of tea or coffee alongside your CBD. The cause of this lightheadedness typically points to lowered blood pressure, so be sure to consult with your doctor if you are on blood pressure medication.
Believe it or not, it is known to work as an agent in wakefulness and energy; however, if your dose is too high, it can lead to a sense of drowsiness. The effect is temporary and easily avoided through dosage correction, but you need to be careful not to drive when it first occurs.
How to buy CBD oil
When purchasing CBD oil, there are some key aspects to keep in mind to ensure you find an oil that works well for your needs.
Most oils contain more than just CBD. The carrier oil chosen can have its own additional benefits that may nudge your decision in a particular direction. Popular additives are almond oil, coconut oil, ginger root, peppermint oil, and sustainable beeswax. Almond oil is great for your skin but also benefits your colon and heart. Coconut oil is easily digestible and has a myriad of benefits including the ability to kill fungi, bacteria, yeast, and viruses; improvement of digestion and absorption of vitamins and minerals; skin moisturization; and more. Ginger root is most known as a spice, but it can be a remedy for motion sickness and nausea, aid in digestion, treat heartburn, relieve gas, lower blood pressure…the list goes on. Peppermint oil soothes gastric issues and provides relief for nausea. Sustainable beeswax is a powerful skin moisturizer and protectant and can stabilize cholesterol.
The best CBD oil is one that you are comfortable working into your budget. The final cost of the product is affected by a multitude of factors such as overhead costs, not just potency. Don’t be afraid to compare products between companies, either, in case someone is having a sale or spends less on packaging and marketing to offer lower prices.
You want to be sure your cannabis is grown by a responsible company and safe farming techniques. The plant should not be exposed to pesticides that are harmful for human consumption or grown in toxic soils. A legitimate CBD provider should not shy away from answering your questions in regards to their sources.
As discussed above, cannabidiol concentrates can be taken in a variety of manners. Tinctures, edibles, straight oils, vape oils, and more are available. Find which delivery/consumption method works best for you. Some users will choose a mixture to have variety in their treatments.
Different methods create different effects. Inhalation tends to activate quickly but has a short duration. Sublingual activates slightly slower than inhalation but faster than ingestion and has a middling duration. Ingestion has a slow activation but a longer duration. Transdermal releases throughout the day and lasts for several hours.
If you want more privacy with your treatments, then patches and tinctures are your best bet— quick, easy, and discreet.
Different oils offer different concentrations of CBD. It is generally listed in milligrams per serving. Some consumers prefer to take a high potency less often, while others prefer to take low, sustained doses through the day. Potency does not have a perfect amount— it depends on user preference.
Industrial hemp, grown for its fibrous texture and commercial and industrial uses, could be treated with harsh solvents and chemicals that cause the leftover oils to be unfit for consumption. Like with cultivation, a responsible provider will ensure that your concentrate was not treated with anything that could be harmful to your health and will not shy away from your questions.
A variety of factors determine the quality of cannabidiol concentrate. How the parent cannabis is grown, where it is grown, what strain is used, how it is processed, where the carrier oils are sourced from, and more. A quick way to investigate the quality of a cannabidiol concentrate is to look into product reviews and see what other consumers have to say.
Similar to Cultivation and Process above, cannabis can occasionally come in contact with outside contamination. Your provider should have a testing procedure in place to ensure that their product is free from any such contamination.
Some regions have established regulatory testing methods, so it is important to know that your provider complies with these regulations.
Because cannabis consumption is a growing market, more and more providers are coming onto the scene. Just as the quality of their product is important, you need to investigate the quality of the company. Investigate a company thoroughly if you are considering purchasing from them. Read customer reviews, investigate practices and products, compare prices, and so on.
If you are looking to treat a specific medical condition or if you are on any prescription medications, it is imperative that you discuss cannabidiol with your doctor. You want to make sure that none of your medicines will counter effect the CBD or be counter-affected— while this is rare, you do need to ensure that you will not be the exception to the rule. Your health practitioner can also help you choose what delivery method may work best and give you advice on a preferred carrier oil.